Renaissance and Reformation
1350 - 1600 AD
By Jacob Wasem and Cameron Pederson

5 Important People
Leonardo Davinci - a painter, architect, engineer and scientist, a mastermind of knowledge, famous for the painting of the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper, nicknamed the Renaissance man
Martin Luther-was a German priest, professor of theology and iconic figure of the Protestent Reformation,
Luther taught that salvation is not earned by good deeds but received only as a free gift of God's grace through faith in Jesus Christ
John Calvin- Created another side of Protestantism called Calvanism that taught the idea of Predestination.
Henry VIII- Created his own religion so that he could divorce his wives because the Pope wouldn't let him. Had 6 wives and only 1 had a boy.
Isabella d'Este- "The First Lady of the World", known for intelligence and political wisdom and was the ruler of the city state of Mantua.

5 Terms
Predestination- God decided at beginning of time who would be saved.
Elect- Chosen for salvation. "Doing Gods work on earth"
Realism- art representing natural life that was started during the Renaissance.
Indulgences- paying a fine for a reduction of punishments sinners suffer in pugatory started in the Catholic Church before the Reformation
Dowry- sum of money given by the wife's family to the husband upon marrage

Overview of The Renaissance and Reformation

During the Beginning of Modern Times there was a period known as the Renaissance. The Renaissance was between 1350 through 1600. The cultural center for the Renaissance was around Florence Italy. One of the main people who started the Renaissance was Giovanni Medici. He built projects that beautified Florence and his family was the leading family in Florence. After Giovanni, Lorenzo Medici also known as "The Magnificent", ruled Florence from 1469 to 1492. These 2 people were the more influential men from the Medici family in Florence at the beginning of the Renaissance period.

Also during the Renaissance period there were many artists and new types of paintings. Leonardo da Vinci used Realism when he created The Mona Lisa in 1503 which was one of the most famous paintings in the world. Another great artist during the Renaissance was Michelangelo who created sculptures of Moses and David. He was well know for the paintings in the Sistine Chapel in St. Peters Cathedral in Rome. He he created ceiling murals like the Creation of Adam which was his more famous painting. There were many more great artists during this period but Leonardo and Michelangelo created more well known paintings.

During the time of the Reformation there was an influential man named Martin Luther. Luther was a German Monk who Criticized the Catholic Church and the Pope and created the 95 Thesis on October 31st, 1517. The 95 Thesis denounced granting indulgences that Johan Tetzel was selling for the Catholic Church. A few years after the 95 Thesis Martin Luther was excommunicated by Pople Leo X. A year after the excommunication Charles V questioned Luther and wanted him to take back his 95 Thesis at the Edict of Worms. Luther tells him "Here I stand. I can do no other" and then he was declared an outlaw. Luther had followers called Protestants. There are 2 common branches of Protestants, Lutheranism and Calvinism. Calvinism was started by John Calvin who started the idea of Predestination. Predestination is the idea that God decided at the beginning of time who would be saved. These two religions were 2 of the few created during the Reformation after Luther was excommunicated and was declared an outlaw.

Leonardo Davinci
Leonardo Davinci

Renissance and Reformation Map
Renissance and Reformation Map
Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Mona Lisa
Mona Lisa
Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel

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"Here I stand. I can do no other!" -Martin Luther

Timeline of the Renaissance and Reformation Time Period
1377 AD- John Wycliffe, a professor at Oxford University translated the Bible from Latin to English
1397 AD- Giovanni Medici, credited with starting Renaissance, building projects beutify Florence
1416 AD- Donatello creates the sculpture of St. George
1450 AD- Johann Gutenburg creates the 1st printing press in Europe, starts the mass printing of books
1455 AD- Gutenburg Bible mass produced
1503 AD- Mona Lisa painted, most famous painting in world, painted by Leonardo Davinci
1483-1546 AD- Martin Luther, a German monk who leads the reformation, taught at the University of Wittenberg
1520 AD- Pope Leo the 10th excommunicated Luther
1521 AD- Edict of Worms created, Charles the 5th questioned Luther, wants Luther to take back 95 Thesis
1598 AD- Edict of Nantes, freedom for Huguenots in France

Brief Overview of Time Periodtalks about everything from the beginning of the Renaissance to the end of the Reformation
Art of the Renaissance and Reformationtalks about the Art and artists of the Renaissance and Reformation
Important Peopletalks about the important people of the Renaissance and Reformation time period
Timeline of the Renaissance and Reformationdetailed timeline of events during the Renaissance and Reformation time period
Literaturetalks about the literature advancements and achievments of the time period